Used Dump Trucks in Pa
Saving water in five steps
Saving water in five steps
- Enough time / management controller.
- Improve system performance.
- Spray conversions drip irrigation drop.
- The overhaul of its landscape and installation of plants tolerant to drought.
Step 1 - Understanding the plant / water / soil relationships.
Understanding how water moves and is stored in soils is essential to understand how a plant can access and pull up the moisture in the leaves for hydration and growth. The soil is like a sponge. More sponge, more water is stored.
For the soil in your yard this example is best described as "the deeper soil profile largest sponge, more moisture available for plant roots to take on the leaves. "
Soil profiles - The different layers the lower surface of different soils.? For this analysis, we focus on layers of Wil plants growing concern. This is the layer of straw (not technically a layer of soil, but it is important for our discussion), the surface of the land and root zone.
A system Irrigation is an imitation of natural precipitation.
We all know that rain is a uniform water application. It's the same amount in the front yard is that it is in the court. A sprinkler system, or one that uses a pop-up spray heads to apply water The most accurate way to imitate the rain. We know this because when we were kids was great fun to play in the sprinklers, because we could enjoy the sun to keep warm. Sometimes play in the rain was too cold because the sun had disappeared behind the clouds. This is important because the sun can turn against us, when the water by evaporation of moisture before it can enter the soil profile. Let's go into this more in step two.? A sprinkler system is the best type of system you have to plant growth, because we know that mimics rainfall more accurately. However, the system may be more inefficient because the water was launched in the air as droplets that can evaporate because of the wind, heat and soil conditions.
Irrigation efficiency - Demand for water in your landscape by minimizing evaporation losses.
Plant roots are opportunistic.
Grow where conditions are good. The basic needs of plant roots are moisture and oxygen. Need oxygen plant to grow. Of atmospheric oxygen can penetrate into the soil in the upper soil profile. How deep will depend on soil types, textures, and other factors that are not as important as knowing that the roots need oxygen to grow and survive. So if your garden is muddy or soft makes a sound when you walk on, can have as much moisture, it is the oxygen reduction and root health poor. Avoid over-saturation of soils in any weather.
Most times, we will talk about the grass. Trees and shrubs are a little different because they often have larger, deeper roots because they are larger plants. The square root of the plant is directly related to the size of the plant. Duh! An oak and fir roots enormous which go far beyond your lawn. The point I'm making is that more water is needed for trees, because of their deep roots swivel that can access groundwater. However, new trees need a little help because their roots are still in the container or rootball roots, and will not be able to provide sufficient water to offset water loss from leaves or needles. A system of additional drop is a good addition to new trees for several years until they can settle into the landscape. The supplemental irrigation to larger trees that were in the soil for years, it is unnecessary and wasteful. Most mature trees have roots that stretch twice the width of tree branches. Mature trees are likely to get moisture to the lawn watering to provide any way. However, trees may benefit from a mulch at the base. This gives them a place for moisture and nutrients, without having to take complete with lawn. This may not be the look that is comfortable for you, but it is a great way to help trees to grow. Later we see different systems of drip and how to use different applications and types of facilities later in step four.
The different types of soils to absorb and retain water differently. Generally, of course, will have less ground water than lighter soils. We have many different types of soil type here in our region. You may have fine sediments washed down from the mountain of boulders and rock. Maybe you two! New homes can have all kinds of soil types typically with a detection limit of the thin topsoil applied by the landscape during installation. No, I want say that you should spend much time worrying about your soil type. Just keep in mind, as the irrigation system works during the season.
The courier's floor (the largest soil particles), the longer the time between irrigation. If you have very Fine, in essence, loamy soils you may be able to go days between waterings. But only if your lawn has deep roots. If you have one of these situations with poor soils and boulders with a thin layer of soil will have to work a little harder to produce the grass roots. The trick is to run irrigation system for a while (maybe 30-40 mins. by region) and then stop watering as long as possible so that the soil can dry out. That's right. I said 30-40 min per field. Most people run a zone of about 10-15 min. and release a large Part of this water by evaporation. Besides watering the end only a few inches of soil. Where to believe that the roots of the plant develops so few inches of soil is wet? You got it, on the surface. And that is the opposite of what we want it!
Plant roots need to dry cycles.
Tougher and more durable when subjected to dry periods. It rains every day to dawn twinks 10-15? If the farmer would be great. The reality is that it rains for hours and then not rain for days or weeks. Plants have evolved over time to cope with this growth when soil moisture is high and hardening during dry periods to wait until the cycle of rain coming. Remember that we imitate mature.
There is another advantage to the cycles of drought. Remember the roots are opportunistic. As the soil dries, it dries on the surface and then dried in the background. The surface roots, stop growth in drying soil. The roots are deeper than continue to grow because of moisture in the deeper layers of soil that allows growth. The roots grow deeper well on multiple cycles of drought. The result is a system of deeper roots. Plants do not have minds. They do not think these things. They react to their environment by default. It is our task to manipulate the environment to encourage the habits of the plant. As you can see that we can encourage bad habits and unless we take appropriate action.
In Step 2, we see their system irrigation and how to use it to perform these procedures and best mimic natural rainfall, with minimal evaporation losses. The trick is to realize that to irrigate most of the time and may have the confidence to apply water for more than half an hour instead of 10 minutes.
For years I worked in the area within the installation and maintenance of the landscaped courtyard gardens in major centers malls, hospitals and restaurants. When people asked me to visit their facilities and to say what was wrong, this is normally a solution simple, with more water for irrigation, less frequently. This fear of over-watering is well founded. However, we must overcome this fear and let Plants grow as nature intended.
CONCLUSION - The soil must be completely saturated, with no mud, then dried to the extent possible without wilting plants to encourage deep root growth.
STEP 2 - Watch adequacy / Controller.
Now that we know what the roots need to grow, we need to know how run our irrigation systems to ensure proper moisture levels. The most important part of your irrigation system is the clock or controller. If you have an old system is very important to think about replacing its controller. If your system is very old, you may want to replace the heads and valves as well. Or you can simply replace all the thing. Make a different landscape, little or irrigation contractors to assess your system to see if you need upgrades or replacement. Most systems have a life of fifteen years.
Many people set the time your controller in the spring and then walk the rest of the season. I call this effect Ronco. 'Set It and Forget It! "This is incorrect for irrigation. Changes in the nature during the seasons. We therefore I tell people to change their irrigation cycles for a minimum three times per season. Here and in most countries, a period of wet spring followed by summer storms can be hot or it can be very dry and our region. Then there is a period of decline, it is cooler and wetter in some areas, too. Do you see a trend? In our region can be very wet spring. In fact, you may be able to boot your system and do not run for weeks. Most often, they want to maintain moisture levels for grass and large installations of dormancy before the cycle was hot and dry. The system should also be checked monthly to ensure it works correctly. We'll see more of this in step three.
Irrigation controllers have reached a level of sophistication that allows users to design many different management programs to maintain moisture soil. For our analysis, we focus on a few.
Cycle and soak method of irrigation - is when you run a zone two or more periods of short duration instead of a continuous cycle.
Seasonal adjustment driver you feature - is a characteristic engines of most irrigation equipment that lets you keep the same hours and reduce total water by applying a percentage. Rainbird The company has developed a wonderful set of online tutorials to help you learn to use the Rainbird controller. http:/www.rainbird.com
Irrigation Area - any section or part of an irrigation system that operates at any time.
Once penetration of irrigation water equal.
Why cycle and soak? The decision to use a cycle and soak method is determined by the type of soil you have in your garden and the soil is dry a beginning of a cycle of irrigation. Water runoff from the soil surface should be avoided. If the soil can not absorb much water curtain in May when you have water running on sidewalks or sewers, if your system is applying water faster than the soil can absorb. Then switch to cycle and soak. Run your area for ten minutes. once again for more than fifteen years in the same night. This allows the soil to obtain positions with a little water to make it able to absorb later. This method is crucial for regions they need 30 or even 45 minutes of watering time.
Seasonal adjustment is a nice feature, allowing you change the amount of water without having to change all the time and possibly making a mistake with the driver. Use this feature sparingly. It would preferable to retain the amount of water per cycle of it and prolong time between watering cycles.
The land will not change what the amount of water used should not change. Change the duration between irrigation to react to the weather.
Remember, profile and soil texture (if it is ongoing or a fine) does not change what quantity of water that can be applied in any time are not also changed. How much water the soil can handle? This issue can be resolved only through the establishment of both where the irrigation system operation and physically check the level of soil moisture at different depths. This can be done by digging a hole and feel the land or through the soil probe. Using a shovel first to help you determine the depth of their roots. There is no use in irrigation by a foot and a half if the root zone is only eight inches deep.
The fact is that regular survey is necessary to know how their soil and roots respond to both irrigation and schedules. Set n 'It and Forget It! "
University research shows that sixty-five per cent of irrigation water is lost by evaporation when the system operates in cycles, hot windy day. It is 75%! Always water NIGHT. If your system is too important to run all areas overnight, divided then on different nights and always try to get the roots to grow deeper.
Researchers use complex graphics such as irrigation monograph below to determine the evaporation rate for irrigation. We will avoid lengthy discussions about how academic use these graphics. We'll see how it shows the loss of water by watering during the day and secured at night. Using the nomogram can then determine which in our levels of low humidity and strong winds are common in the summer, the amount of water loss during the day are about 20%. However, the risk at night, with a reduction of wind speed and temperature, the losses are reduced to 5% lower.
This becomes more important when the light of the amount of water in gallons that are used during the system run for a day or cycle.
Consider an irrigation system average.
IRRIGATION SYSTEM - 50 spray heads 2 'gallons per minute (GPM).
50 x 2 = 100 GPM GPM using the total system (in liters).
The system is running once a day for 20 minutes by area
100 GPM x 20 minutes per day = 2,000 gallons per day.
The system operates with a total of 5 months during the summer season.
2000 gallons per day x 150 days per year = 300,000 liters per year.
IRRIGATION WITH 20% lost to evaporation when watering during the day equal 60,000 gallons of water loss of our aquifer per year!
WRAP YOUR MIND AT THIS!
A pool that measures 30 feet wide 50 feet long with an average depth of 5 feet and has approximately 56,000 liters of water.
A small landscape can lose enough water to fill the pool. It is important loses water related elements of everyday life that we may be more aware of what we have to be careful management of irrigation.
Five to ten minutes of an irrigation cycle can be stolen from the land which includes water and saturate the leaves and the layer of thatch. So if your water for ten minutes, its roots receive little or no water.
It is important to note that these figures are something to make anyone feel bad or position within the problem. Everyone wants to do right. However, many of us do not know where to start. The first how to start being more responsible is to be more aware. It is important to match these facts and figures for the individual elements means may include
CONCLUSION - The irrigation controller is a tool to manipulate the levels of soil moisture in the soil to produce deep roots.
Step 3 - Improve system performance
Optimization of system performance is a process to ensure that irrigation water is distributed evenly across the landscape. The technical term is the uniform distribution. The factors leading to poor Results are as follows:
- Injector clogged
- Old or damaged nozzle
- Different types heads in the same region
- Low power system
- Leaks from pipes and valves.
- Separation of the head evil.
How often correct those nasty dry spots that occur in our gardens every summer?
Add more time for the region!
It's like trying to improve gas mileage by installing a bigger engine in your car. As we above the depth of the roots have much to do with maintaining your lawn healthy. The uniform application of water is another problem major. Remember, they imitated the natural precipitation. Before the roots are able to grow more than we need be sure that all the roots are the same amount of water per watering cycle.
This is one aspect of this discussion that I recommend you pay to help out. Investigate the types of animals you have, the selection and purchase of buses and their installation can be tedious and time consuming. Many questions are special tools and techniques necessary to do the job.
The distinction between maintenance and design issues involved and how possibly the process can be costly.
Changing nozzles can be made by the owner with a little work a half day spent in court. The May design problems require more extensive work. Many contractors will inspect your system for free and offer a solution. I recommend that least three other companies system to analyze and compare each solution to ensure they get what you need.
CONCLUSION - Most repairs of irrigation can be done easily. But do not be afraid to invest in professional help either.
Step 4 - Spray to drip Conversions
Most of this discussion has focused on the grass. Lawns grow best irrigation by aerial spraying, which may be the most inefficient. Trees and shrubs grow well with the drain tube or single emitter devices. Most systems use spray heads around the foundations of the house to apply water to the shrubs and flowers. Spray these areas may become flow Nasal and save thousands of gallons of water. A product offered by the company you will use Rainbird spray heads available to provide water to a drip. We will discuss how to transform an area to spray anti-drop for a 20-30 bed planting trees and shrubs planted at all.
Find all spray heads in the area to be developed. Just turn in the region and mark with a flag of irrigation provided by the store to buy parts, drop by drop. They are usually free.
A small portion of the head through the area will provide new heads dripping water.
Try to keep your head turned about 50 feet away. This approach uses existing pipes under the soil in place and keep conversion costs down.
Buy and install special nozzle caps Cap Spray height of water can not leave.
This will divert water from the head selected in the first stage.
Then we will install a device that will join the party spray drip again with the old heads (PA-80).
At this point the leadership of CAP spray become not only part of the pipe.
Be sure to wash the system before inserting the new Adapter to remove the dirt in the system.
Obstructions can cause several problems from holes in the system of drip are so small.
The Rainbird PA-80 is a product that will allow direct entry to the 1 / 2 drain tube inches at the head of age.
the next step to reach the tube (distribution XBS - 100) to the old head. In effect, we replace the piping system groundwater with a smaller pipe to the highlands.
This will make the process much easier to dig new trenches. at the end of the conversion, which can put a new layer of mulch and cover new plumbing.
before installing the PA-80 up of spray heads for use in the area drop by drop addition, make sure you remove the first tube home. Once it is installed in dropwise to develop all other devices can connect to 1 / 2 inch distribution pipe that is attached to this device. It is the basis for conversion. The most important thing is that you can do on the ground with ease.
1 The mdcf50fpt rainbirtd / 2 inch adapters allow the connection pipe distribution.
the XBS - 100 is the new pipeline to supply water to the individual devices drip.
after using adapters 1 / 2 inch to install XBS 1 / 2 inch-100 distribution pipe, building a loop of pipe water supply to the After all trees and shrubs in the planting bed.
attach the "pressure compensation modules' to change the tube XBS 1 / 2 inches providing water through the bed of the tube 1 / 4 inches, which provides water to specific plant (s).
Most spray systems have pressures too high for drip systems that require expensive big relief valve pressure.
an "in-line pressure" valve is also recommended.
For 1 / 4 inch pipe can be attached to all different issuers.
With this method, the system can be extended to plant materials are added. of course, they will have a maximum number of transmitters that can be added before the area is low - Developed and any malfunctioning transmitters.
Filtration is very important. Because of the small holes used to provide water, even small amounts of dust or debris that may clog emitters. When converting a spray zone who fled always install a filter on the valve. parts of your store irrigation can recommend a model that works for your system and application.
You may also want to bury the spray heads that the offer its new area drip on the ground. Remember these are "pop-up spray heads should be lifted 1 / 2 inch pipe mounting pressure when 'is' up.
CONCLUSION - you can save thousands of gallons per month by converting areas of drip irrigation for areas trees and shrubs.
Step 5 - Re-designing your landscaping to installing plants resistant to drought.
The fifth step requires a greater commitment, but most prices will be dramatic. Many people believe the myth that the drought tolerant garden have zeriscape with sage and wildflowers. Biome Design Services has pioneered the concept of hybrid landscape. It is the combination of plant materials native and exotic regional balance to reduce water needs in general, without sacrificing the traditional look.
Plants native - plants and trees that grow in our region such as southern and central Idaho. Example - pine, aspen.
Regional Plants - Plants and trees growing in the wider region or habitat, such as the Rocky Mountains. Example - Colorado spruce.
Plants exotic - plants and trees do not grow in our region or area, or dependent on men for their culture and survival. Example - bluegrass, annual flowers.
For most people pulling all of its plants and replanting their yard is not possible.
But as we have seen our gardens are the main source of water loss from aquifers to the atmosphere. So, if you change the drip into the flower beds and to convert lawn of native grasses and regional economies can be enormous.
For this analysis we will learn how an owner medium may change the level of natural grass lawn grass lawn with minimal cost of disruption in their lives. It is important to note how grass seed germinates and you need to survive and become established. The three basic conditions are listed below.
Sunlight - As the seed germinates the blade of grass to achieve the basic necessities to start Sun photosynthetic energy to produce deep roots we have discussed during previous stages.
Moisture - for obvious reasons. In the early stages of seedling growth to roots first is very small so the frequency Watering must be very brief.
Soils in bulk - The need for new plants to penetrate soft ground quickly and establish fast.
Later we will learn how to provide these parameters to a newly planted grass for rapid growth and establishment.
what to plant instead of lawn? Our region is a good use of pastures family fescue.
His Many types of pointers used in gardening and golf courses. Because of our size, we will focus on three types of fescue. We also expect Buffalo Grass, too, but has limited use here because of the cold winters.
Idaho fescue - Festuca idahoensis
Originally from the west U.S. to Canada. Have short fine-textured leaves and blue-green. This herb can handle extreme dryness. I planted this grass in native designs that I did in the past. I have seen this kind go a month without water during the summer without losing their color. In fact, when irrigation was in turn further greened it in a few days and looked good.
It also grows very slowly. You will need much less mowing. In fact, one of my clients mowing their yard once a season. For most people with a frequency of once per month would be good. Much people think it smells of grass beneath your feet and packages are reluctant to plant a lawn. These seeds must be planted to double the pace of bluegrass lawn. As individual plants grow the grapes are so close that the package goes. In fact, the grass is so short that few weeds can grow.
A disadvantage is that this variety is grown abundantly in large quantities can be difficult to find. It would good mix of grass with the other, if sufficient quantities can not be found.
Sheep fescue - Festuca ovina
A native of Europe and Central Asia. This herb is very similar to the Idaho fescue in growth mode and needs. It is also very drought tolerant, growing very slowly. It should also be planted in the heavier rate than normal. However, once you set will be reset if the seed heads remain until the end of the season.
If I want this herb has become invasive in other areas. It is very important to ensure that this case will not harm native plants. I have found no evidence of this is the case.
This seed is produced in much larger quantities that would be easier to buy. It benefits from conserving water and reducing the harvest would a good addition to a hybrid landscape.
Creeping red fescue - Festuca rubra
There are several varieties of red fescue on the market. It has been used in traditional seed mixtures for their ability to grow in the shade. It is so resistant to drought that the above herbs can be a good choice for shade and its creeping habit pointers will help to form a thick sod.
This herb is used in many seed mixtures with low maintenance retaining walls in our area.
Buchloe - Buchloe dactyloides
As its name implies, this herb has been found in the Plains States and has evolved with the bison here in the United States. He has an excellent tolerance drought and a growth habit which creates a thick lawn.
Its major drawback is that darken in the fall and remain until Spring brown. Most of our region is cold enough so the grass would be difficult to establish. I recommend using southern Hailey. However, there is a grass bison in northern Heatherlands Ketchum. It can be done, but with a little extra effort.
Most native grasses used in my portfolio Festuca ovina mainly due to the availability and cost. I found that fills quickly and form a good sod when properly implemented. In the following sections we will know how you can transform your lawn with a weekend of work, location bar, seeds and fertilizers.
Convert your lawn is easier than you think. Not require the removal of large lorries and old lawn or import of new land.
This method give the new seed of the three conditions discussed earlier in this step. Kill the old sod, tilling the soil and planting and establishing new seeds are the main steps of this process.
The goal is to do it without moving the material to the landfill and adding to our load of waste.
In our field of hydroseeding method is applicable to Favorites grass seed lawn and natural areas. Hydroseeding and look how it works. We will see that we can recreate aspects of the existing lawn hydrodeed in your backyard.
Hydros is the process of spraying a mixture of seeds, fertilizers and paper products called hydromulch was transformed and to feel like a bulk fiber. These ingredients are mixed in a special machine that flows from a pipe on the ground. Here, we can give the plants when they germinate an environment that has sufficient moisture to allow plant roots to penetrate into the soil.
As we learned earlier Seedlings need three things: sunlight, moisture and loose soils. Hydroseeding provides these needs with hydromulch. Retains water for new roots. It is very loose and allow the new grass blades and roots to reach the sun and the earth in the hydroseeding mixture.
It is always important to loosen the soil under the new hydroseeding grass and can send roots deep into the ground. Remember the second step?
We can imitate these aspects with hydroseeding equipment at hand, if we do all the work ourselves. However, if you want to apply can hydroseeding. Just make sure to dry grass in the old floor completely. Application hydroseeding grass on top of the old will create a layer of air that the new seeds will die and not produce the lawn you want. We will see this later.
Now we will learn the steps for converting the grass.
STEP ONE - Apply herbicide to kill the existing turf grass and make way for new grass. Kill the old grass is crucial because the old grass blades shade the soil and maintain the new grass blades reach the sun. You can do it yourself or hire a professional to perform this step.
SECOND STEP - after the old grass is dead use a rototiller to till the dead grass on top 4 "of land for new seedlings may reach the floor quickly.
WARNING! Not sure to be too deep. You cut your line irrigation. All we need to ensure that the old grass is mixed with the soil up.
In the second stage to make two directions. If you want your new tiller lawn hydroseeding when necessary. If you want to do all the work yourself and leave the dead grass in place. The dead grass provide benefits similar to those of hydromulch. Propagation of new grass seed by hand or with a fertilizer spreader. I recommend using a diffuser of a more uniform.
Seed Contact with the soil is of the utmost importance to ensure the implementation of the seed. When the seed is established that there must be some kind of individual action for seeds in the old dry grass and ground contact. This can be done with a leaf rake or dragging a 4 'by 4' section Closing chain link. I recommend the tiller and hydroseeding, but this method works with good results.
Seed contact with the floor is of the utmost importance to ensure the implementation of the seed.
The seeding rates are important when using these fields. A lower rate of clusters can create a bumpy to walk on the grass. Traditional seeds is applied at a rate of 4 pounds per 1000 square feet. These herbs should be applied to 8 pounds per 1,000 square feet.
Once the seed is used for irrigation is very important. For most situations it is necessary to administer areas of lawn irrigation until three to five times a day. The reason is that our climate in the upper half inch of soil dry within hours. If the first root of the seedling is only a quarter of an inch long that we must keep this half-inch of soil or hydromulch moist at all times. Below is a typical schedule of irrigation for seeds freshly applied.
5:00 15 minutes - it begins with the wetland for the next day.
10:00 15 minutes - this cycle may be first remove the grass grows.
2:00 pm 20 minutes - longer-term time due to more time and more wind. This cycle should be kept longer because of the extreme tension in this time of day.
7:00 pm 15 minutes - This is for loading the soil with moisture in the night. Cycle may be second to be eliminated the grass is established.
The trick is to watch the grass grow to see the depth of the roots are penetrating. Then, changes in irrigation can be done. The deep roots of the water, the less we will need to apply. This may take a month or more. We want to phase out the grass face of constant watering to encourage deep root growth that we've learned over the previous steps.
Fertilization is also important. In the first growing season of heavy fertilization program will make the grass grow faster and reduce infestation of weeds. It will also help the grass roots grow faster and you reduce the risk more quickly. When choosing a find fertilizer with a balanced proportion of nutrients. You can find the relationship of three numbers displayed on the bag.
Use an application where the seed is applied, and about two months later. After the first season growth additional fertilizer will be less important. Once the grass is up and formed a thick grass, will naturally take away most weeds.
CONCLUSION - It is Importantly, the water conservation and reducing greenhouse gas emissions is a compromise that forces us to think outside the box. It also requires us to look at the big picture. For example, we use a type of grass from another area to save water. In our region will be developed and we need to share resources diminish, it is important to change our thinking and find ways to save our resources.
About the Author
SYNOPSIS:Over 20 years diversified experience in multiple facets of the landscape industry emphasizing design and construction. We educate and demonstrate that sustainable landscaping can be beautiful by combining proven techniques with innovative concepts to create award winning landscapes that require less energy and natural resources to build and maintain.
What horse shit? I throw in a bag and let the garbage truck or should I keep and use for more further behind? also, one might suggest a place to find hay in Palestine or anywhere near it?
Horse shit is a pretty well made. If you have a garden or field replacement jet above is a good idea. May be able to bag and put on craigslist selling "free horse shit .. Fertilizers Otherwise, you can leave it in the dump truck.
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